Influenced by Persian Thought
"Popular" Anatolian Islam
A Mixture of Ancient Beliefs
Ancient beliefs and their myths produced a perverse spin on Islam in Anatolia.
The Anatolians refused to leave their social standpoints and their cultural influences related to beliefs about nature.
1) Tawfiq Al-Tawil, Sufism in Egypt during the Ottoman Era (Egypt: Al-Etimad Press, 1946).
2) Hanan Al-Maabadi, Sufism and its Effects in Turkey during the Ottoman Era – Presentation and Criticism (PhD Thesis, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukarramah, 1429 H).
3) Muhammad bin Jarir al-Tabari, History of Nations and Kings (Damascus: Dar Al-Fikr, 1979 AD).