Sufism and Esotericism:
Shadow Organizations Serving the Colonial Agendas of Ottomans
A Sufi Tariqah Under the Umbrella of the Ottoman Rule
The Allies of Ottomans in Colonization and Terrorism
1) Badiaa Muhammad Abdel Aal, “The Esoteric Thought in Anatolia,” Dar Al-Thaqafa for Publishing, 2009, p. 106.
2) Ibid, p. 5.
3) Amr Abd al-Rahman, an article entitled “The Ottoman Jihardism, the Secret of the Kingdoms of Fire: Truth and Secrets”. It was posted by Al-Hiwar website at the link