“They stole the Caliphate”
and their hands were not cut off from the opposite side!
Many late historians became increasingly lenient with the emergence of the Ottoman Empire regarding the history of the title of the Caliphate and its transfer to the era of modern history, including neglecting the terms of the Caliphate and not checking their availability in the political application of this Islamic position. Thus, they manipulated the title and granted it to someone who did not deserve it, its legal concept, and it was emptied of its true meaning that it was created upon its appearance in the first Islamic state. The title of the Caliphate became subject to the convictions of the Sultans of the Turanian state and their whims. They use it when they saw the importance of being called the Caliphs. When the sultan was indifferent to it, it had no effect during his reign. Some of them were even dubbed the Sultan and the Caliph at the same time, to use whatever he wanted according to the requirements of the state and the situation. All this was to preserve his prestige in history and before the world, and lie to them as well. This has created confusion among historians in the overlap between the title of Sultan and Caliph. Historians have conflicted choices for them, so you see the same historian one time calling them caliphs and another time calling them sultans
In the Ottoman Empire, the "Caliphate" was subject to the whims of the sultans by seducing and intimidating historians.
Forcing to recuse, not to abdicate:
A dream like a nightmare:
Ali bin Abi Talib did not hand over the Caliphate to "Salim" except as a Turanian dream.
A return to Caliphate conditions:
Contemporary sources are the most truthful:
The Islamic University was a bridge to the title "Caliph".
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